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Title: Head injuries in lateral impact collisions
Authors: Morris, Andrew
Hasson, Ahamedali
Mackay, Murray
Hill, Julian
Keywords: Diffuse
Field data
Head injuries
Lateral impacts
Vehicle safe standards
Issue Date: 1995
Publisher: © Elsevier Science Ltd
Citation: MORRIS, A. ... et al, 1995. Head injuries in lateral impact collisions. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 27 (6), pp. 749 - 756
Abstract: Individual non-minor injuries (Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) > or = 2) to the head that occurred to belted and unbelted drivers and front seat passengers on the stuck side of impacted vehicles were examined. Injury type, injury combination, collision severity in relation to type of injury as well as contact sources were assessed. Forty-eight percent of injuries were moderate in severity (AIS 2). The most common type of injury was the diffuse brain injury, typically marked by a short period of unconsciousness, which occurred in collisions of lower severity than focal brain and skull fracture injuries. One-hundred and five out of 216 (48.6%) of contact sources for all injury types originated from outside the vehicle and such exterior sources were more likely to result in high severity injuries. Thirty percent of injuries resulted from head contacts with other vehicles. The most frequent vehicle interior contact source was the side window glass. Diffuse injuries tended to occur independently of other injury types and were more likely to originate from an interior rather than exterior contact. Preventative measures for head injury reduction in lateral collisions are discussed. Overall, the data show that proposed and present European and U.S. lateral impact test methods do not address many head injury problems such as those included in this study.
Description: This article is closed access.
Sponsor: The authors wish to thank the sponsors of this research; the Transport Research Laboratory for sponsoring the work on behalf of the VSE Division of the U.K. Department of Transport, the Rover Group, Nissan Motor Company Ltd and Ford Motor Company Ltd.
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1016/0001-4575(95)00020-8
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/16376
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0001-4575(95)00020-8
ISSN: 0001-4575
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Design School)

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