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Title: Determinants of countermovement jump performance: a kinetic and kinematic analysis
Authors: McErlain-Naylor, Stuart
King, Mark A.
Pain, Matthew T.G.
Keywords: Countermovement jump
Kinetics
Kinematics
Technique
Rate of torque development
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: © Taylor & Francis
Citation: MCERLAIN-NAYLOR, S., KING, M.A. and PAIN, M.T.G., 2014. Determinants of countermovement jump performance: a kinetic and kinematic analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32 (19), pp.1805-1812.
Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the contributions of kinetic and kinematic parameters to inter-individual variation in countermovement jump (CMJ) performance. Two-dimensional kinematic data and ground reaction forces during a CMJ were recorded for 18 males of varying jumping experience. Ten kinetic and eight kinematic parameters were determined for each performance, describing peak lower-limb joint torques and powers, concentric knee extension rate of torque development and CMJ technique. Participants also completed a series of isometric knee extensions to measure the rate of torque development and peak torque. CMJ height ranged from 0.38 to 0.73 m (mean 0.55 ± 0.09 m). CMJ peak knee power, peak ankle power and take-off shoulder angle explained 74% of this observed variation. CMJ kinematic (58%) and CMJ kinetic (57%) parameters explained a much larger proportion of the jump height variation than the isometric parameters (18%), suggesting that coachable technique factors and the joint kinetics during the jump are important determinants of CMJ performance. Technique, specifically greater ankle plantar-flexion and shoulder flexion at take-off (together explaining 58% of the CMJ height variation), likely influences the extent to which maximal muscle capabilities can be utilised during the jump.
Description: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Journal of Sports Sciences on 29 May 2014, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02640414.2014.924055
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2014.924055
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/16691
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.924055
ISSN: 0264-0414
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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