COLE, G.J., 2009. Royal Navy gunners in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Mariner's Mirror, 95 (3), pp. 284-295.
Gunners were warrant officers, appointed by the Navy Board, but permanently attached to their ship. The article examines how a man became a gunner; what was the role of the gunner on board ship once he was warranted; how these responsibilities fitted in with the ordnance and naval aspects of warfare at sea; how the gunner prepared a ship for battle; and finally what accounts and papers the gunner needed to complete.