FARUKH, F. ... et al., 2016. Nonwovens modelling: a review of finite-element strategies. The Journal of the Textile Institute, 107 (2), pp. 225-232.
This paper reviews the main strategies used to simulate the mechanical behaviour of nonwoven
materials that is defined by a structure of their fibrous networks and a mechanical behaviour of
constituent fibres or filaments. The main parameters influencing the network structure of
nonwoven materials are discussed in the first part. The second part deals with two main
strategies employed in the analysis of mechanical behaviour of nonwoven materials using finiteelement
models based on continuous and discontinuous techniques. Both strategies have further
sub-types, which are critically reviewed, and future trends in this area of research are discussed.
This is the accepted version of a paper subsequently published in the Journal of the Textile Industry. The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00405000.2015.1022088