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Title: The role of cognitive inhibition in different components of arithmetic.
Authors: Gilmore, Camilla K.
Keeble, Sarah
Richardson, Sophie
Cragg, Lucy
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: © The Author(s). This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com
Citation: GILMORE, C.K. ... et al., 2015. The role of cognitive inhibition in different components of arithmetic. ZDM Mathematics Education, available 10 Jan 2015, DOI: 10.1007/s11858-014-0659-y
Abstract: Research has established that executive functions, the skills required to monitor and control thought and action, are related to achievement in mathematics. Until recently research has focused on working memory, but studies are beginning to show that inhibition skills—the ability to suppress distracting information and unwanted responses—are also important for mathematics. However, these studies employed general mathematics tests and therefore are unable to pinpoint how inhibition skills relate to specific components of mathematics. We explored how inhibition skills are related to overall achievement as well as factual, procedural and conceptual knowledge in 209 participants aged 11–12, 13–14 and adults. General mathematics achievement was more strongly related to inhibition measured in numerical compared with non-numerical contexts. Inhibition skills were related to conceptual knowledge in older participants, but procedural skills in younger participants. These differing relationships can shed light on the mechanisms by which inhibition is involved in mathematics.
Description: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Sponsor: ESRC - Skills Underlying Mathematics RES-062-23-3280
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1007/s11858-014-0659-y
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/16994
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11858-014-0659-y
ISSN: 1863-9690
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Mathematics Education Centre)

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