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Title: Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the overtraining syndrome: Joint consensus statement of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS) and the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)
Authors: Meeusen, Romain
Duclos, Martine
Foster, Carl
Fry, Andrew
Gleeson, Michael
Nieman, David C.
Raglin, John
Rietjens, Gerard
Steinacker, Jürgen
Urhausen, Axel
Keywords: Overtraining syndrome
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Taylor & Franics Ltd (© 2013 European College of Sport Science)
Citation: MEEUSEN, R. ... et al, 2013. Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the overtraining syndrome: Joint consensus statement of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS) and the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). European Journal of Sport Science, 13 (1), pp.1-24.
Abstract: Successful training must involve overload, but also must avoid the combination of excessive overload plus inadequate recovery. Athletes can experience short-term performance decrement, without severe psychological, or lasting other negative symptoms. This Functional Overreaching (FOR) will eventually lead to an improvement in performance after recovery. When athletes do not sufficiently respect the balance between training and recovery, Non-Functional Overreaching (NFOR) can occur. The distinction between NFOR and the Overtraining Syndrome (OTS) is very difficult and will depend on the clinical outcome and exclusion diagnosis. The athlete will often show the same clinical, hormonal and other signs and symptoms. A keyword in the recognition of OTS might be ‘prolonged maladaptation’ not only of the athlete, but also of several biological, neurochemical, and hormonal regulation mechanisms. It is generally thought that symptoms of OTS, such as fatigue, performance decline and mood disturbances, are more severe than those of NFOR. However, there is no scientific evidence to either confirmor refute this suggestion. One approach to understanding the aetiology of OTS involves the exclusion of organic diseases or infections and factors such as dietary caloric restriction (negative energy balance) and insufficient carbohydrate and/or protein intake, iron deficiency, magnesium deficiency, allergies, etc., together with identification of initiating events or triggers. In this paper, we provide the recent status of possible markers for the detection of OTS. Currently several markers (hormones, performance tests, psychological tests, biochemical and immune markers) are used, but none of them meets all criteria to make its use generally accepted.
Description: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Journal of Sport Science on 16th October 2012, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17461391.2012.730061
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2012.730061
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/17104
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2012.730061
ISSN: 1746-1391
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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