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|Title: ||The importance of disaggregating within-person changes and individual differences among internalized motives, self-esteem and self-efficacy|
|Authors: ||Cowan, Daryl T.|
Taylor, Ian M.
|Issue Date: ||2015|
|Publisher: ||© Springer|
|Citation: ||COWAN, D.T. and TAYLOR, I.M., 2015. The importance of disaggregating within-person changes and individual differences among internalized motives, self-esteem and self-efficacy. Motivation and Emotion, 39(4), pp.489-497.|
|Abstract: ||Grounded in self-determination theory, this study examined the implications of differentiating between within-person weekly changes and between-person differences in average levels of autonomy support and internalized motivation for one’s self-esteem and self-efficacy. Thirty-nine adults who were socially disadvantaged and unemployed completed weekly questionnaire assessments over 11-weeks of a sports-based educational program. Multilevel modeling revealed that within-person changes in perceptions of autonomy support positively predicted identified regulation and introjected regulation; however, between-person differences in perceived autonomy support predicted identified regulation only. Within-person changes in introjected regulation positively predicted global self-esteem and self-efficacy towards future employment in coaching; however, between-person differences in introjected regulation negatively predicted self-esteem and self-efficacy. In contrast, within-person changes in identified regulation, as well as between-person differences, were positively associated with self-efficacy. Between-person differences in identified regulation also positively predicted self-esteem. It was also demonstrated that many of these contrasting relationships are hidden if the different processes are not disaggregated. As a result, we propose that different internalization processes exist which depend on whether within-person changes or sustained levels of motivation are explored.|
|Description: ||The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11031-014-9466-6|
|Version: ||Accepted for publication|
|Publisher Link: ||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11031-014-9466-6|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)|
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