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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/17429

Title: Designing an occupancy flow-based controller for airport terminals
Authors: Mambo, Abdulhameed D.
Eftekhari, Mahroo
Steffen, Thomas
Ahmad, M.W.
Keywords: Building control
Indoor comfort
Airport terminal's CO2 emission savings
Fuzzy rule-based supervisory controller
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: SAGE © The Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers
Citation: MAMBO, A.D. ... et al., 2015. Designing an occupancy flow-based controller for airport terminals. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology, 36 (1), pp. 51 - 66.
Abstract: One of the most cost-effective ways to save energy in commercial buildings is through designing a dedicated controller for adjusting environmental set-points according occupancy flow. This paper presents the design of a fuzzy rule-based supervisory controller for reducing energy consumptions while simultaneously providing comfort for passengers in a large airport terminal building. The inputs to the controller are the time schedule of the arrival and departure of passenger planes as well as the expected number of passengers, zone global illuminance (daylight) and external temperature. The outputs from the controller are optimised temperature, airflow and lighting set-point profiles for the building. The supervisory controller was designed based on expert knowledge in MATLAB/Simulink, and then validated using simulation studies. The simulation results demonstrate significant potential for energy savings in the controller's ability to maintain comfort by adjusting set-points according to the flow of passengers. Practical application : The systematic approach adopted here, including the use of artificial intelligence to design supervisory controllers, can be extended to other large buildings which have variable but predictable occupancy patterns like the restricted area of the airport terminal building.
Description: This article was published in the journal, Building Services Engineering Research and Technology and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0143624414540292
Sponsor: The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of Manchester Airport Group for facilitating the effort on data collection. We also acknowledge the financial support provided by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, UK in its Airport Sandpits Programme and Petroleum Technology Development fund (PTDF) Nigeria.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1177/0143624414540292
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/17429
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0143624414540292
ISSN: 0143-6244
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering)
Published Articles (Civil and Building Engineering)

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