New technologies are constantly developing towards the goal of increasing the performance of gas turbine engines while reducing pollutant emissions. The design of the combustion system is vital in the drive to reduce pollutants in order to meet legislative targets. As part of this, the fuel injector is crucial in preparing the fuel for combustion through atomization and correct mixing with the air flow. Thus, it is desirable to develop techniques to allow the analysis of performance in these key criteria and improve the understanding of both fuel injector aerodynamics and fuel atomisation. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) allows for spatially resolved velocity data of flow fields to be recorded and therefore enables the inspection of flow behaviour. [Continues.]
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.