Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/17718

Title: Material and efficient cause interpretations of the formative model: resolving misunderstandings and clarifying conceptual language
Authors: Cadogan, John W.
Lee, Nick
Chamberlain, Laura
Keywords: Formative variables
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: © Springer/© Academy of Marketing Science
Citation: CADOGAN, J.W., LEE, N.J. and CHAMBERLAIN, L., 2014. Material and efficient cause interpretations of the formative model: resolving misunderstandings and clarifying conceptual language. AMS Review, 4 (1-2), pp. 32 - 43
Abstract: This paper presents a causal explanation of formative variables that unpacks and clarifies the generally accepted idea that formative indicators are ‘causes’ of the focal formative variable. In doing this, we explore the recent paper by Diamantopoulos and Temme (AMS Review, 3(3), 160-171, 2013) and show that the latter misunderstand the stance of Lee, Cadogan, and Chamberlain (AMS Review, 3(1), 3-17, 2013; see also Cadogan, Lee, and Chamberlain, AMS Review, 3(1), 38-49, 2013). By drawing on the multiple ways that one can interpret the idea of causality within the MIMIC model, we then demonstrate how the continued defense of the MIMIC model as a tool to validate formative indicators and to identify formative variables in structural models is misguided. We also present unambiguous recommendations on how formative variables can be modelled in lieu of the formative MIMIC model.
Description: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13162-013-0058-5
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1007/s13162-013-0058-5
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/17718
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13162-013-0058-5
ISSN: 1869-814X
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Business School)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
Lee_Cadogan_Chamberlain_AMSReview2014 - for Institutional Repository.pdfAccepted version350.91 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.