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Title: Livelihood factors, explaining water consumption in a (de facto) multiple uses water system in Colombia
Authors: Dominguez, Isabel
Torres-Lopez, Wilmar
Restrepo-Tarquino, Ines
Oviedo-Ocana, Ricardo
Smout, Ian K.
Keywords: Access to water
Livelihoods
Multiple Uses of Water (MUS)
Multivariate analysis
Principal component analysis
Cluster analysis
Water consumption
Colombia
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Citation: DOMINGUEZ, I. ... et al, 2014. Livelihood factors, explaining water consumption in a (de facto) multiple uses water system in Colombia. Ingeniería y Universidad, 18 (1), pp. 7 - 25.
Abstract: In developing countries, rural water supply systems, generally planned for a single purpose, are used for domestic and productive activities. Research has found linkages between access to water and livelihoods, thus, promoting the implementation of Multiple Uses of Water Systems (MUS). However, there is concern on how users with more productive assets may exploit the highest levels of service promoted by MUS affecting users with fewer chances to use water productively. This article analyses through a case study and using multivariate techniques (Principal Component Analysis and Cluster Analysis): key variables to characterize the users of a de facto MUS; identifies groups of users according to those variables, and discusses implications of the findings in the design and management of systems. Results show correlations for the variables Homestead Area, Storage Capacity and Number of Cows, with Household Water Consumption. Two groups of customers with statistically significant differences for key variables are identified. The results suggest that rural water systems should not be designed with household size as the only criterion. It also highlights the need of managerial rules for equitable access to water in systems, recognizing diversity of users, livelihoods and thus, water demands.
Description: This article was published by Pontificia Universidad Javeriana in the journal Ingeniería y Universidad. It is distributed under the terms of the CC-BY-NC-ND licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Sponsor: The authors thank the musgroup for providing financial support.
Version: Published
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/17956
Publisher Link: http://revistas.javeriana.edu.co/index.php/iyu/index
ISSN: 0123-2126
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (WEDC)

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