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Title: Gradient metamaterial layers as impedance matching devices for efficient sound absorption
Authors: Azbaid El Ouahabi, Abdelhalim
Krylov, Victor V.
O'Boy, D.J.
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: European Acoustics Association
Citation: AZBAID EL OUAHABI, A., KRYLOV, V.V. and O'BOY, D.J., 2015. Gradient metamaterial layers as impedance matching devices for efficient sound absorption. IN: Glorieux, C. (ed.). Proceedings of the 10th European Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, EuroNoise 2015, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 31st May - 3rd June 2015, pp.989-994.
Abstract: The performance of acoustic absorbers can be improved by providing a smooth transition from the impedance of air to the impedance of the absorbing material in question. In the present work, such a smooth transition is materialised via application of gradient index metamaterial layers formed by quasi-periodic arrays of solid cylinders (tubes) with their external diameters gradually increasing from the external row of tubes facing the open air towards the internal row facing an absorbing porous layer. If acoustic wavelengths are much larger than the periodicity of the array, such a structure provides a gradual increase in the acoustic impedance towards the internal row of cylinders. This allows the developer to achieve an almost perfect impedance matching between the air and porous absorbing materials, such as foams, sponges, etc. Measurements of sound reflection coefficients from different absorbing materials combined with matching metamaterial layers formed by the arrays of brass tubes have been carried out in an anechoic chamber at the frequency range of 500-3000 Hz. The results show that the presence of matching metamaterial layers brings substantial reduction in the sound reflection coefficients, thus increasing the efficiency of sound absorption.
Description: This paper is also freely available online at: http://www.conforg.fr/euronoise2015/output_directory/data/articles/000502.pdf.
Sponsor: This research has been supported by EPSRC grant EP/K038214/1.
Version: Published
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/18515
Publisher Link: http://www.conforg.fr/euronoise2015/output_directory/data/articles/000502.pdf
ISSN: 2226-5147
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers and Contributions (Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering)

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