REES, J.M. ...et al., 2008. Adaptation of wavelet transform analysis to the investigation of biological variations in speech signals. Medical Engineering & Physics, 30, pp. 865-871
The purpose of this study was to adapt wavelet analysis as a tool for discriminating speech samples taken from healthy subjects across two biological states. Speech pressure waveforms were drawn from a study on effects of hormone fluctuations across the menstrual cycle on
language functions. Speech samples from the vowel portion of the syllable ‘pa’, taken at the low- and high-hormone phases of the menstrual cycle, were extracted for analysis. Initial analysis applied Fourier transforms to examine the fundamental and formant frequencies. Wavelet analysis was used to investigate spectral differences at a more microbehavioural level. The key finding showed that wavelet coefficients for
the fundamental frequency of speech samples taken from the high-hormone phase had larger amplitudes than those from the low-hormone
phase. This study provided evidence for differences in speech across the menstrual cycle that affected the vowel portion of syllables. This evidence complements existing data on the temporal features of speech that characterise the consonant portion of syllables. Wavelet analysis
provides a new tool for examination of behavioural differences in speech linked to hormonal variation.