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Title: Prevalence of eating disorders amongst dancers: a systemic review and meta-analysis
Authors: Arcelus, Jon
Witcomb, Gemma L.
Mitchell, Alex
Keywords: Bulimia
Anorexia
Meta-analysis
Ballet
Eating disorders
Epidemiology
Review
Dance
EDNOS
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: © John Wiley and Sons Ltd and Eating Disorders Association
Citation: ARCELUS, J., WITCOMB, G.L. and MITCHELL, A., 2014. Prevalence of eating disorders amongst dancers: a systemic review and meta-analysis. European Eating Disorders Review, 22 (2), pp. 92 - 101.
Abstract: Eating disorders in dancers are thought to be common, but the exact rates remain to be clarified. The aim of this study is to systematically compile and analyse the rates of eating disorde rs in dancers. A literature search, appraisal and meta-analysis were conducted. Thi rty-three relevant studies were published between 1966 and 2013 with sufficient data for extraction. Primary data were extracted as raw numbers or confidence intervals. Risk ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated for controlled studies. The overall prevalence of eating disorders was 12.0% (16.4% for ballet dancers), 2.0% (4% for bal let dancers) for anorexia, 4.4% (2% for ballet dancers) for bulimia and 9.5% (14.9% for ballet dancers) for eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS). The dancer group had higher mean scores on the EAT-26 and the Eating Disorder Inventory subscales. Dancers, in general, had a higher risk of suffering from eating disorders in general, anorexia nervosa and EDNOS, but no higher risk of suffering from bulimia nervosa. The study concluded that as dancers had a three times higher risk of suffering from eating disorders, particularly anorexia nervosa and EDNOS, specifically designed services for this population should be considered
Description: This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: ARCELUS, J., WITCOMB, G.L. and MITCHELL, A., 2014. Prevalence of eating disorders amongst dancers: a systemic review and meta-analysis. European Eating Disorders Review, 22 (2), pp. 92 - 101, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2271. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Version: Submitted for publication
DOI: 10.1002/erv.2271
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/18993
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2271
ISSN: 1072-4133
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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