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Title: Female thermal sensitivity to hot and cold during rest and exercise
Authors: Gerrett, Nicola
Ouzzahra, Yacine
Redortier, Bernard
Voelcker, Thomas
Havenith, George
Keywords: Females
Body mapping
Thermal sensitivity
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Crown Copyright © Published by Elsevier Inc
Citation: GERRETT, N. ... et al, 2015. Female thermal sensitivity to hot and cold during rest and exercise. Physiology and Behavior, 152 (Part A), pp. 11 - 19
Abstract: Regional differences in thermal sensation to a hot or cold stimulus are often limited to male participants, in a rested state and cover minimal locations. Therefore, magnitude sensation to both a hot and cold stimulus were investigated during rest and exercise in 8 females (age: 20.4±1.4years, mass: 61.7±4.0kg, height: 166.9±5.4cm, VO<inf>2max</inf>: 36.8±4.5ml·kg<sup>-1</sup>·min<sup>-1</sup>). Using a repeated measures cross over design, participants rested in a stable environment (22.3±0.9°C, 37.7±5.5% RH) whilst a thermal probe (25cm<sup>2</sup>), set at either 40°C or 20°C, was applied in a balanced order to 29 locations across the body. Participants reported their thermal sensation after 10s of application. Following this, participants cycled at 50% VO<inf>2max</inf> for 20min and then 30% VO<inf>2max</inf> whilst the sensitivity test was repeated. Females experienced significantly stronger magnitude sensations to the cold than the hot stimulus (5.5±1.7 and 4.3±1.3, p<0.05, respectively). A significant effect of location was found during the cold stimulation (p<0.05). Thermal sensation was greatest at the head then the torso and declined towards the extremities. No significant effect of location was found in response to the hot stimulation and the pattern across the body was more homogenous. In comparison to rest, exercise caused a significant overall reduction in thermal sensation (5.2±1.5 and 4.6±1.7, respectively, p<0.05). Body maps were produced for both stimuli during rest and exercise, which highlight sensitive areas across the body.
Description: This is an Open Access article published by Elsevier and distributed under the terms of Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Sponsor: The present research was done in the context of an industry-co-funded PhD by Oxylane Research (Decathlon R&D Department) and the Loughborough Design School (Environmental Ergonomics Research Centre).
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.08.032
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/19291
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.08.032
ISSN: 0031-9384
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Design School)

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