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Title: The final frontier of anti-doping: a study of athletes who have committed doping violations
Authors: Engelberg, E. Terry
Moston, Stephen
Skinner, James
Keywords: Doping
Moral disengagement
Drugs in sport
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: © Elsevier
Citation: ENGELBERG, E.T., MOSTON, S. and SKINNER, J., 2015. The final frontier of anti-doping: A study of athletes who have committed doping violations. Sport Management Review, 18(2), pp. 268-279.
Abstract: Although the use of banned drugs in sport is not a new phenomenon, little is known about the experiences and perceptions of athletes who have committed anti-doping rule violations. This study qualitatively explored the experiences of 18 athletes (from the sports of bodybuilding, powerlifting, cricket, sprint kayak, rugby league, and swimming) who had committed anti-doping violations. Themes explored included motivations for initiating and maintaining doping, the psychology of doping, deterrents to doping, and views on current anti-doping policy. In most cases doping had started early in their careers. The perceived culture of the sport was considered central to the ‘normalization’ of doping, particularly in bodybuilding. When explaining their decision to dope, athletes engaged in processes or moral disengagement (including advantageous comparison, minimizing consequences and diffusion of responsibility). Ironically, moral arguments were perceived as the most effective deterrents to doping. Findings are discussed in relation to the difficulties in establishing credible deterrents and suggestions for the future development of anti-doping policy.
Description: This paper is in closed access.
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1016/j.smr.2014.06.005
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/19823
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2014.06.005
ISSN: 1441-3523
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Loughborough University London)

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