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Title: Investigation on the removal of the major cocaine metabolite (benzoylecgonine) in water matrices by UV254/H2O2 process by using a flow microcapillary film array photoreactor as an efficient experimental tool
Authors: Li Puma, Gianluca
Russo, Danilo
Spasiano, Danilo
Vaccaro, Marianna
Cochran, Kristin H.
Richardson, Susan D.
Andreozzi, Roberto
Li Puma, Gianluca
Reis, Nuno M.
Marotta, Raffaele
Keywords: Microcapillary film photoreactor
Advanced oxidation processes
Benzoylecgonine
Wastewater
Surface waters
Emerging micropollutants
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier / IWA Publishing (© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.)
Citation: RUSSO, D. ... et al, 2015. Investigation on the removal of the major cocaine metabolite (benzoylecgonine) in water matrices by UV254/H2O2 process by using a flow microcapillary film array photoreactor as an efficient experimental tool. Water Research, 89 (1), pp.375–383
Abstract: A microcapillary film reactor (MCF) was adopted to evaluate and compare the removal efficiency of benzoylecgonine (BE), an emerging micropollutant deriving from illicit drug abuse (cocaine), in different aqueous matrices: milliQ water, synthetic and real wastewater and surface water. The removal processes investigated were the direct photolysis with UV radiation at 254 nm, and the advanced oxidation process (AOP) with the same UV radiation and hydrogen peroxide. As a result of the microfluidics approach developed through an innovative experimental apparatus, full conversion of BE was reached within a few seconds or minutes of residence time in the MCF depending on the process conditions adopted. The radiation dose was estimated to be approximately 5.5 J cm−2. The innovative MCF reactor was found to be an effective tool for photochemical studies, especially when using highly priced, uncommon, or regulated substances. The removal efficiency was affected by the nature of the aqueous matrix, due to the presence of different xenobiotics and natural compounds that act primarily as HO• radical scavengers and secondly as inner UV254 filters. Moreover, nano-liquid chromatography (LC)-high resolution-mass spectrometry analysis was utilized to identify the main reaction transformation products, showing the formation of hydroxylated aromatics during the photochemical treatment.
Description: This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Water Research and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2015.11.059.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2015.11.059
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/20002
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2015.11.059
ISSN: 0043-1354
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Chemical Engineering)

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