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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/20077

Title: Characterisation of ball impact conditions in professional tennis: matches played on hard court
Authors: Lane, Ben
Sherratt, Paul J.
Hu, Xiao
Harland, Andy R.
Keywords: Tennis
Ball
Impact
Professional
Velocity
Angle
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Sage / © IMechE
Citation: LANE, B. ...et al., 2015. Characterisation of Ball Impact Conditions in Professional Tennis: Matches Played on Hard Court. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, DOI: 10.1177/1754337115617580
Abstract: To assess ball performance for research and development purposes requires greater understanding of the impact conditions a tennis ball experiences in professional tournament play. Ball tracking information taken from three consecutive years of an ATP 250 tour event played on hard court were analysed. The frequency of first serves, second serves, racket impacts and surface impacts were assessed per game and extrapolated to show how many impacts a single ball is subjected to. Where applicable the pre- and post-impact velocity and angle were found and the distribution of each analysed. In total, data from 65 matches comprising 1,505 games were analysed. On average, each game contained 70.26 (± 16.23) impacts, of which 9.23%, 3.16%, 37.78% and 49.83% were first serves, second serves, racket impacts and surface impacts respectively. As a result, assuming all balls in play are used evenly, a single ball is expected to be subjected to 105 (± 24) impacts over the course of the nine games that it is in play. The results of the investigation could be used to design a wear protocol capable of artificially wearing tennis balls in a way that is representative of professional play.
Description: This is the accepted version of a paper that has been subsequently published in the journal, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology. The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1754337115617580
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1177/1754337115617580
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/20077
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1754337115617580
ISSN: 1754-3371
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)

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