Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/20114

Title: Effects of distraction on the development of satiety
Authors: Brunstrom, Jeffrey M.
Witcomb, Gemma L.
Keywords: Sensory-specific satiety
Dietary restraint
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: © The Authors. Published by Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Citation: BRUNSTROM, J.M. and MITCHELL, G.L., 2006. Effects of distraction on the development of satiety. British Journal of Nutrition, 96(4), pp. 761-769.
Abstract: Two experiments explored the hypothesis that distraction causes a reduced sensitivity to the physiological and sensory cues that signal when to terminate a meal. In Experiment 1, eighty-eight females ate five ‘Jaffa Cakes’ either while distracted by a computer game or while sitting in silence. Analysis of the difference in rated hunger, fullness and desire to eat (pre- to post-intake) revealed that distracted participants experienced smaller changes in their desire to eat and fullness than did non-distracted participants. Experiment 2 assessed whether changes in ratings are attenuated because sensory-specific satiety (or a related process) fails to develop. Using a similar procedure, eighty-four females provided desire to eat, pleasantness and intensity ratings for Jaffa Cakes and for two ‘uneaten’ foods, both before and at three time-points after consuming five Jaffa Cakes. Non-distracted participants reported a reduction in their desire to eat the eaten food relative to the uneaten food (food-specific satiety), whereas distracted participants maintained a desire to eat all foods. Moreover, this difference between distracted and non-distracted participants was evident 5 and 10 min after the eating episode had terminated. The present findings invite speculation that distraction attenuates the development of sensory-specific satiety, and that this effect persists (at least for a brief period) after the distractor has terminated. More generally, this kind of phenomenon warrants further scrutiny because it holds the potential to contribute towards overeating, either by prolonging an eating episode or by reducing the interval between meals.
Description: This is paper is in closed access.
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1079//BJN20061880
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/20114
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079//BJN20061880
ISSN: 0007-1145
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
brunstrom_mitchell_phd_effectsdis2006.pdfPublished version539.91 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.