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Title: Vanadium(v) tetra-phenolate complexes: synthesis, structural studies and ethylene homo-(co-) polymerization capability
Authors: Redshaw, Carl
Walton, Mark J.
Elsegood, Mark R.J.
Prior, Timothy J.
Michiue, Kenji
Keywords: Vanadium
Ethylene/propylene copolymer
Crystal structures
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: © The Authors. Published by the Royal Society of Chemistry.
Citation: REDSHAW, C. ...et al., 2015. Vanadium(v) tetra-phenolate complexes: synthesis, structural studies and ethylene homo-(co-) polymerization capability. RSC Advances, 5(109), pp. 89783-89796.
Abstract: Reaction of the ligand α,α,α′,α′-tetrakis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxyphenyl)-p-xylene (p-L1H4) with two equivalents of [VO(OR)3] (R = nPr, tBu) in refluxing toluene afforded, after work-up, the complexes {[VO(OnPr)(THF)]2(-p-L1)}·2(THF) (1·2(THF)) or {[VO(OtBu)]2(-p-L1)}·2MeCN (2·2MeCN), respectively in moderate to good yield. A similar reaction using the meta ligand, namely α,α,α′,α′-tetrakis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxyphenyl)-m-xylene (m-L2H4) afforded the complex {[VO(OnPr)(THF)]2(-p-L2)} (3). Use of [V(Np-R1C6H4)(tBuO)3] (R1 = Me, CF3) with p-L1H4 led to the isolation of the oxo-imido complexes {[VO(tBuO)][V(Np-R1C6H4)(tBuO)](-p-L1)} (R1 = Me, 4·CH2Cl2; CF3, 5·CH2Cl2), whereas use of [V(Np-R1C6H4)Cl3] (R1 = Me, CF3) in combination with Et3N/p-L1H4 or p-L1Na4 afforded the diimido complexes {[V(Np-MeC6H4)(THF)Cl]2(-p-L1)}·4toluene (6·4toluene) or {[V(Np-CF3C6H4)(THF)Cl]2(-p-L1)} (7). For comparative studies, the complex [(VO)(μ-OnPr)L3]2 (8) has also been prepared via the interaction of [VO(nPrO)3] and 2-(α-(2-hydroxy-3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)benzyl)-4,6-di-tert-butylphenol (L3H2). The crystal structures of 1·2THF, 2·2MeCN, 3, 4·CH2Cl2, 5·CH2Cl2, 6·4toluene·thf, 7 and 8 have been determined. Complexes 1 – 3 and 5 - 8 have been screened as pre-catalysts for the polymerization of ethylene in the presence of a variety of co-catalysts (with and without a re-activator), including DMAC (dimethylaluminium chloride), DEAC (diethylaluminium chloride), EADC (ethylaluminium dichloride) and EASC (ethylaluminium sesquichloride) at various temperatures and for the co-polymerization of ethylene with propylene; results are compared versus the benchmark catalyst [VO(OEt)Cl2]. In some cases, activities as high as 243,400 g/mmolV.h (30.43 Kg PE/mmolV.h.bar) were achievable, whilst it also proved possible to obtain higher molecular weight polymers (in comparable yields to the use of [VO(OEt)Cl2]). In all cases with dimethylaluminium chloride (DMAC)/ethyltrichloroacetate (ETA) activation, the activities achieved surpassed those of the benchmark catalyst. In the case of the co-polymerization of ethylene with propylene, Complexes 1 – 3 and 5 - 8 showed comparable or higher molecular weight than [VO(OEt)Cl2] with comparable catalytic activities or higher in the case of the imido complexes 6 and 7.
Description: This paper was accepted for publication in the journal RSC Advances and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5ra20177b
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1039/c5ra20177b
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/20130
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5ra20177b
ISSN: 2046-2069
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Chemistry)

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