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Title: Did the association between fertility and female employment within OECD countries really change its sign?
Authors: Koegel, Tomas
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: © Springer-Verlag
Citation: KOEGEL, T., 2004. Did the association between fertility and female employment within OECD countries really change its sign? Journal of Population Economics, 17(1), pp.45-65.
Abstract: Recent literature finds that in OECD countries the cross-country correlation between the total fertility rate and the female labor force participation rate, which until the beginning of the 1980s had a negative value, has since acquired a positive value. This result is (explicitly or implicitly) often interpreted as evidence for a changing sign in the time-series association between fertility and female employment within OECD countries. This paper shows that the time-series association between fertility and female employment does not demonstrate a change in sign. Instead, the reversal in the sign of the cross-country correlation is most likely due to a combination of two elements: First, the presence of unmeasured country-specific factors and, second, country-heterogeneity in the magnitude of the negative timeseries association between fertility and female employment. However, the paper does find evidence for a reduction in the negative time-series association between fertility and female employment after about 1985.
Description: This article was published in the journal, Journal of Population Economics [© Springer-Verlag] and is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00148-003-0180-z.
DOI: 10.1007/s00148-003-0180-z
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/2068
ISSN: 0933-1433
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Economics)

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