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Title: Earth construction in Algeria between tradition and modernity
Authors: Baiche, Bousmaha
Osmani, Mohamed
Walliman, Nicholas
Ogden, Raymond
Keywords: Algeria
Stabilised rammed earth
Earth construction
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: © ICE
Citation: BAICHE, B. ... et al., 2017. Earth construction in Algeria between tradition and modernity. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials, 170 (1), pp. 16-28.
Abstract: In the south of Algeria, many indigenous settlements have been built using local earth construction techniques; in the north, despite the availability of suitable earth, only a few rural contemporary settlements have been built using ‘improved’ earth construction. This paper adopts a case study approach to examine and compare structural deficiencies of two earth-built housing settlements in different regions in Algeria. In the indigenous earth settlement in the south, where adobe was used in combination with local timber and stones, the dwellings exhibit many structural defects. Stabilisation of the soil and introduction of modern materials in the contemporary rammed earth settlement in the north has not, however, helped produce structurally adequate dwellings. These dwellings also exhibited many cracks and debonding of rendering, and thus did not fulfil the requirements and aspirations of their occupants. The study concludes that for a potentially successful earth building scheme there are inter-related factors that should be considered: selection of an appropriate soil and construction technique, implementation of a suitable structural design, construction and post-completion processes, availability of relevant skills and provision of adequate training on the construction technique.
Description: This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/jcoma.15.00048.
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1680/jcoma.15.00048
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/20750
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/jcoma.15.00048
ISSN: 1747-650X
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering)

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