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Title: Gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review of the literature
Authors: Glidden, Derek
Bouman, Walter P.
Jones, Bethany A.
Arcelus, Jon
Keywords: Gender dysphoria
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Systematic review
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: © International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Citation: GLIDDEN, D. ... et al., 2016. Gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review of the literature. Sexual Medicine Reviews, 4 (1), pp. 3 - 14.
Abstract: Aim The purpose of this review is to systematically appraise the current literature regarding the co-occurrence of gender dysphoria and ASD. Methods A systematic literature search using Medline and PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase was conducted from 1966 to July 2015. Main Outcome Measures Fifty-eight articles were generated from the search. Nineteen of these publications met the inclusion criteria. Results The literature investigating ASD in children and adolescents with gender dysphoria showed a higher prevalence rate of ASD compared with the general population. There is a limited amount of research in adults. Only one study showed that adults attending services for gender dysphoria had increased ASD scores. Another study showed a larger proportion of adults with atypical gender identity and ASD. Conclusion Although the research is limited, especially for adults, there is an increasing amount of evidence that suggests a co-occurrence between gender dysphoria and ASD. Further research is vital for educational and clinical purposes.
Description: This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Sexual Medicine Reviews and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sxmr.2015.10.003
Version: Accepted
DOI: 10.1016/j.sxmr.2015.10.003
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/20811
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sxmr.2015.10.003
ISSN: 2050-0521
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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