GLIDDEN, D. ... et al., 2016. Gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review of the literature. Sexual Medicine Reviews, 4 (1), pp. 3 - 14.
The purpose of this review is to systematically appraise the current literature regarding the co-occurrence of gender dysphoria and ASD.
A systematic literature search using Medline and PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase was conducted from 1966 to July 2015.
Main Outcome Measures
Fifty-eight articles were generated from the search. Nineteen of these publications met the inclusion criteria.
The literature investigating ASD in children and adolescents with gender dysphoria showed a higher prevalence rate of ASD compared with the general population. There is a limited amount of research in adults. Only one study showed that adults attending services for gender dysphoria had increased ASD scores. Another study showed a larger proportion of adults with atypical gender identity and ASD.
Although the research is limited, especially for adults, there is an increasing amount of evidence that suggests a co-occurrence between gender dysphoria and ASD. Further research is vital for educational and clinical purposes.
This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Sexual Medicine Reviews and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sxmr.2015.10.003