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Title: Effect of physical activity, nutritional education, and consumption of extra virgin olive oil on lipid, physiological and anthropometric profiles in a pediatric population
Authors: Muros, Jose Joaquin
Zabala, Mikel
Oliveras-Lopez, Maria J.
Bouzas, Paula R.
Knox, Emily C.
Rufian-Henares, Jose A.
de la Serrana, Herminia L.-G.
Keywords: Paediatrics
Physical activity
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: © Human Kinetics
Citation: MUROS, J. ... et al., 2015. Effect of physical activity, nutritional education, and consumption of extra virgin olive oil on lipid, physiological and anthropometric profiles in a pediatric population. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 12 (9), pp.1245-1252.
Abstract: BACKGROUND. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of nutritional education and vigorous physical activity on health-related parameters. METHODS. The sample group consisted of 134 children from 5 rurally located schools. Participants were divided between 5 different experimental groups: control group (CG), physical activity group (PA), nutritional education group (NE), combined intervention group (PA+NE), and a combined intervention group with additional substitution of normally used oil for extra virgin olive oil (EVOO; PA+NE+EVOO). The intervention consisted of 60 minute sessions of physical activity held twice a week as well as nutritional education sessions held over 6 months. RESULTS. Students in the groups receiving physical activity reduced their fat percentage and increased their muscle mass post intervention. At post-test the lipid profile improved in all intervention groups. The proportion of macronutrients and dietary cholesterol improved in the groups receiving nutritional education. The post-test comparison showed significantly lower fat percentage, sum of skinfolds and waist circumference in NE relative to CG and PA relative to CG. Diastolic blood pressure and glycaemia were significantly lower in PA+NE+EVOO relative to CG. CONCLUSION. A school-based program consisting of nutritional education or nutritional education plus a physical activity program showed a positive effect on health-related parameters in children.
Sponsor: This study was supported by Mapfre Foundation and was partially supported by project MTM2010-20502 of Dirección General de Investigación and Gestión del Plan Nacional I+D+I and grant FQM-307 of Consejería de Innovación de la Junta de Andalucía, all in Spain.
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1123/jpah.2014-0236
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/20887
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2014-0236
ISSN: 1543-3080
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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