HARVEY, P. ... et al, 2002. Sustaining handpumps in Africa: lessons from Zambia and Ghana. IN: Reed, B. (ed). Sustainable environmental sanitation and water services: Proceedings of the 28th WEDC International Conference, Kolkata (Calcutta), India, 18-22 November 2002.
Between April and June 2002 field evaluations were conducted
by WEDC in Zambia and Ghana as part of the
DFID-funded research project ‘Guidelines for Sustainable
Handpumps in Africa’. The purpose of these visits was to
evaluate ‘successful’ handpump projects and determine
what factors contribute to sustainability.
The project literature review (Parry-Jones et al., 2001a)
identified eight factors critical to sustainability, these were
refined during the visits to the following six:
Institutional and policy arrangements;
Financing and cost recovery;
Community and social aspects;
Technology and the natural environment;
Spare parts supply;