In spite of the large number of research works on carbon capture and sequestration (CCS), the migration and behaviour of CO2 in the subsurface (i. e. strata below the earth’s surface) still needs further understanding and investigations with the aim of encouraging the governmental policy makers to adopt CCS technology as one of the most viable means to tackle the global warming threats.
In this research work, a series of numerical simulations has been carried out using STOMP-CO2 simulation code to determine the flow behaviour and ultimate fate of the injected supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) into saline aquifers in medium terms of storage (i. e. few thousand years). The characteristics of the employed simulator, including the mathematical algorithm, governing equations, equations of states and phase equilibria calculations are explained in details. [Continues.]
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.