Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/21190

Title: Upper limb muscle fatigue during prolonged Boccia games with underarm throwing technique
Authors: Fong, Daniel Tik-Pui
Yam, Kit-Yee
Chu, Vikki Wing-Shan
Cheung, Roy Tsz-Hei
Chan, Kai-Ming
Keywords: Boccia
Muscle mechanics
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: © Taylor & Francis
Citation: FONG, D. ... et al., 2012. Upper limb muscle fatigue during prolonged Boccia games with underarm throwing technique. Sports Biomechanics, 11 (4), pp.441-451.
Abstract: This study investigated the acute fatigue pattern in neuromuscular activity after a simulated Boccia game and the effect of fatigue pattern on sport performance. Nine elite Boccia athletes were tested before, during, and after a simulated game. Maximum ball speed was captured with video, and the target hitting rate and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) score were collected and analyzed. Electromyography signals from the upper trapezius, anterior deltoid, posterior deltoid, biceps brachii, triceps brachii, and wrist extensor muscles were collected by surface electrode and were evaluated with mean power frequency (MPF). Only the upper trapezius muscle showed fatigue as demonstrated by a reduction of MPF of 8% (p = 0.027) when comparing the first and last throws in a simulated game. Subjective RPE score increased during the game (118%, p = 0.004), and sports performance in terms of maximum ball speed (-12%, p = 0.004) and target hitting rate (-25%, p = 0.004) also deteriorated. In conclusion, fatigue on the upper trapezius muscle was demonstrated in elite Boccia athletes following a prolonged Boccia game and may have affected Boccia performance. Preventative measures against upper trapezius muscle fatigue and endurance training for synergists of the upper trapezius muscle may be considered in future studies.
Description: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Sports Biomechanics on 19/07/2012, available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2012.699977.
Sponsor: This research project was made possible by resources donated by The Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1080/14763141.2012.699977
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/21190
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2012.699977
ISSN: 1476-3141
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
4.pdfAccepted version719.34 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.