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Title: Sport-related ankle injuries attending an accident and emergency department
Authors: Fong, Daniel Tik-Pui
Man, Chi-Yin
Yung, Patrick Shu-Hang
Cheung, Shui-Yuk
Chan, Kai-Ming
Keywords: Epidemiology
Sports medicine
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: © Elsevier
Citation: FONG, D. ... et al., 2008. Sport-related ankle injuries attending an accident and emergency department. Injury, 39 (10), pp.1222-1227.
Abstract: Introduction: This study investigated the sport-related ankle injuries attending an accident and emergency (A&E) department during a 1-year period. Methods: A total of 1715 sports injuries cases attending an A&E department from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2005 were prospectively recorded. Details of each classified case were recorded in a computerised record system by the triage nurse. At the end of the study period, all sport-related ankle injury cases were analysed. Results: A total of 240 sport-related ankle injury cases were reported. Most cases were sustained from basketball (32.9%), soccer (31.7%) and hiking (5.8%) sports. The majority of the cases was ligamentous sprains (81.3%) and fractures (10.4%). The mean age of all patients was 24.6 years (S.D. = 12.3). Four fifths (80.4%) were male patients. All cases were not life threatening. Most cases (99.2%) were referred to orthopedics specialty. Radiography was routinely employed in 99.2% of the cases. Ligamentous sprains were mostly sustained in basketball (37.4%) and soccer (28.7%), and were often treated with bandaging (60.0%) and analgesics (48.7%). Most cases were discharged with or without referral to physiotherapy and specialty clinic (95.4%). Fractures were mostly sustained in soccer (52.0%), basketball (20.0%) and hiking (16.0%), and were very often admitted to hospital wards (84.0%). The estimated A&E attendance rate for all sports injuries, ankle injuries, ligamentous sprains and fractures were 1.68, 0.24, 0.19 and 0.02/1000 person-year.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1016/j.injury.2008.02.032
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/21248
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2008.02.032
ISSN: 0020-1383
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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