FARRELL. G. and ROMAN, J., 2006. Crime as pollution: proposal for market-based incentives to reduce crime externalities. IN: Stephens and Moss (eds), Crime Reduction and the Law. Routledge
Noise pollution and industrial pollution are well-known phenomena. The
more technical term for such pollution is ‘externalities’. In both instances,
the producer of the pollution creates a social cost that is borne by
others. Unwilling recipients, such as residents on a noisy airport flightpath
or downstream recipients of water pollution, bear the cost. For some
types of pollution, such as greenhouse gases dispersed in the atmosphere,
society as a whole bears the cost of the emissions.