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Title: Impacts of forestry planting on primary production in upland lakes from north-west Ireland
Authors: Stevenson, Mark A.
McGowan, Suzanne
Anderson, Nicholas John
Foy, Robert H.
Leavitt, Peter R.
McElarney, Yvonne R.
Engstrom, Daniel R.
Pla-Rabes, Sergi
Keywords: Afforestation
Carotenoid pigments
Catchment disturbance
Forest plantations
Land-use change
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Citation: STEVENSON, M.A. ... et al, 2016. Impacts of forestry planting on primary production in upland lakes from north-west Ireland. Global Change Biology, 22 (4), pp.1490-1504
Abstract: Planted forests are increasing in many upland regions worldwide, but knowledge about their potential effects on algal communities of catchment lakes is relatively unknown. Here, the effects of afforestation were investigated using palaeolimnology at six upland lake sites in the north-west of Ireland subject to different extents of forest plantation cover (4–64% of catchment area). 210Pb-dated sediment cores were analysed for carotenoid pigments from algae, stable isotopes of bulk carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N), and C/N ratios. In lakes with >50% of their catchment area covered by plantations, there were two- to sixfold increases in pigments from cryptophytes (alloxanthin) and significant but lower increases (39–116%) in those from colonial cyanobacteria (canthaxanthin), but no response from biomarkers of total algal abundance (β-carotene). In contrast, lakes in catchments with <20% afforestation exhibited no consistent response to forestry practices, although all lakes exhibited fluctuations in pigments and geochemical variables due to peat cutting and upland grazing prior to forest plantation. Taken together, patterns suggest that increases in cyanobacteria and cryptophyte abundance reflect a combination of mineral and nutrient enrichment associated with forest fertilization and organic matter influx which may have facilitated growth of mixotrophic taxa. This study demonstrates that planted forests can alter the abundance and community structure of algae in upland humic lakes of Ireland and Northern Ireland, despite long histories of prior catchment disturbance.
Description: This paper is under embargo until 26th February 2017.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13194
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/21530
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13194
ISSN: 1354-1013
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Geography)

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