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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/21536

Title: Situation Awareness: its proficiency amongst older and younger drivers, and its usefulness for perceiving hazards.
Authors: Key, C.E. James
Morris, Andrew
Mansfield, Neil J.
Keywords: Situation awareness
Hazard perception
Older drivers
'Think Aloud’ method
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: © Elsevier
Citation: KEY, C.E.J., MORRIS, A. and MANSFIELD, N.J., 2016. Situation Awareness: its proficiency amongst older and younger drivers, and its usefulness for perceiving hazards. Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour, 40, pp. 156-168.
Abstract: The two studies reported here sought to measure and compare the Situation Awareness (SA) of younger and older driver groups whilst driving (Study 1), and watching video footage of actual car journeys (Study 2). In both studies this was achieved by recording a participant’s commentary on what s/he felt was of relevance to the driving task. The narratives produced were analysed by computer software that could abstract main concepts and calculate scores indicative of Situation Awareness. In Study 2, these scores were related to others for hazard perception proficiency (also derived from participant commentaries). It was found that the older drivers matched and often exceeded the younger drivers when their SA scores were compared individually, but not when assessed as a group. However, the younger drivers out-performed their older counterparts in hazard perception ability, and this was shown to be related to their Situation Awareness score. When the results from participants who undertook both studies were compared, it was found that Situation Awareness performance was significantly higher when commenting on video footage (Study 2) than whilst actually driving (Study 1).
Description: This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2016.04.011
Sponsor: These studies were made possible by funding from Loughborough University’s Design School and Wolfson School of Engineering.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2016.04.011
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/21536
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2016.04.011
ISSN: 1369-8478
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Design School)

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