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Title: Support for a general factor of well-being
Authors: Longo, Ylenio
Coyne, Iain J.
Joseph, Stephen
Gustavsson, Petter
Keywords: Structure of well-being
Factor analysis
Positive feeling
Positive functioning
Hedonic well-being
Eudaimonic well-being
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: © Elsevier
Citation: LONGO, Y. ... et al., 2016. Support for a general factor of well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 100, pp. 68-72.
Abstract: Well-being is typically defined as positive feeling (e.g. happiness), positive functioning (e.g. competence, meaning) or a combination of the two. Recent evidence indicates that well-being indicators belonging to different categories can be explained by single "general" factor of well-being (e.g. Jovanović, 2015). We further test this hypothesis using a recent well-being scale, which includes indicators of positive feeling and positive functioning (Huppert & So, 2013). While the authors of the scale originally identified a two-factor structure, in view of recent evidence, we hypothesize that the two-factor solution may be due to a method effect of different items being measured with different rating scales. In study 1, we use data from the European Social Survey round 3 (n = 41,461) and find that two factors have poor discriminant validity and, after using a bifactor model to account for different rating scales, only the general factor is reliable. In study 2, we eliminate method effects by using the same rating scale across items, recruit a new sample (n = 507), and find that a one-factor model fits the data well. The results support the hypothesis that well-being indicators, typically categorized as "positive feeling" and "positive functioning," reflect a single general factor.
Description: This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Personality and Individual Differences and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.03.082
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.03.082
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/21585
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.03.082
ISSN: 0191-8869
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Business)

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