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|Title: ||Development and evaluation of an intervention for the prevention of childhood obesity in a multiethnic population: the Born in Bradford applied research programme|
|Authors: ||Wright, John|
McEachan, Rosie R.C.
Petherick, Emily S.
Barber, Sally E.
Lawlor, Debbie A.
Hill, Andrew J.
Summerbell, Carolyn D.
|Issue Date: ||2016|
|Publisher: ||© Queen’s Printer and Controller of HMSO 2016|
|Citation: ||WRIGHT, J. ... et al, 2016. Development and evaluation of an intervention for the prevention of childhood obesity in a multiethnic population: the Born in Bradford applied research programme. Programme Grants for Applied Research, 4 (6), pp. 1 - 164.|
|Abstract: ||Background: There is an absence of evidence about interventions to prevent or treat obesity in early
childhood and in South Asian populations, in whom risk is higher.
Objectives: To study patterns and the aetiology of childhood obesity in a multiethnic population and
develop a prevention intervention.
Design: A cohort of pregnant women and their infants was recruited. Measures to compare growth and
identify targets for obesity prevention, sensitive to ethnic differences, were collected. A feasibility
randomised controlled trial (RCT) was undertaken.
Setting: Bradford, UK.
Participants: A total of 1735 mothers, 933 of whom were of South Asian origin.
Intervention: A feasibility trial of a group-based intervention aimed at overweight women, delivered
ante- and postnatally, targeting key modifiable lifestyle behaviours to reduce infant obesity.
Main outcome measures: The feasibility and acceptability of the pilot intervention.
Data sources: Routine NHS data and additional bespoke research data.
Review methods: A systematic review of diet and physical activity interventions to prevent or treat obesity
in South Asian children and adults. Results: Routine measures of growth were accurate. The prevalence of risk factors differed between
mothers of white British ethnicity and mothers of Pakistani ethnicity and weight and length growth
trajectories differed between Pakistani infants and white British infants. Prediction equations for risk of
childhood obesity were developed. An evidence-based intervention was evaluated in a pilot RCT and was
found to be feasible and acceptable.
Limitations: This was a single-centre observational study and a pilot evaluation.
Conclusions: The programme has been successful in recruiting a unique multiethnic childhood obesity
cohort, which has provided new evidence about modifiable risk factors and biethnic growth trajectories.
A novel group-based behavioural change intervention has been developed and successfully piloted.
A multisite cluster RCT is required to evaluate effectiveness.
Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN56735429.
Funding: The National Institute for Health Research Programme Grants for Applied Research programme.|
|Description: ||© Queen’s Printer and Controller of HMSO 2016. This work was produced by Wright et al. under the terms of a commissioning
contract issued by the Secretary of State for Health. This issue may be freely reproduced for the purposes of private research and
study and extracts (or indeed, the full report) may be included in professional journals provided that suitable acknowledgement
is made and the reproduction is not associated with any form of advertising. Applications for commercial reproduction should be
addressed to: NIHR Journals Library, National Institute for Health Research, Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre,
Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton SO16 7NS, UK.|
|Sponsor: ||The research reported in this issue of the journal was funded by PGfAR as project number RP-PG-0407-10044.|
|Publisher Link: ||http://dx.doi.org/10.3310/pgfar04060|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)|
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