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Title: Spatial variation of starch retrogradation in Arabic flat bread during storage
Authors: Al-Hajji, Latifah Abdullah Ali
Nassehi, Vahid
Stapley, A.G.F.
Keywords: Staling
Pita bread
Moisture content
Differential scanning calorimetry
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: © Eslevier
Citation: AL-HAJJI, L., NASSEHI, V. and STAPLEY, A., 2016. Spatial variation of starch retrogradation in Arabic flat bread during storage. Journal of Food Engineering, 187, pp. 44–52.
Abstract: Samples from different radial positions of flat Arabic bread were analysed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) immediately after baking and after up to 3 days storage. This showed that whilst almost complete gelatinisation initially occurs, higher levels of subsequent retrogradation (typically 1.5 to 3 times) occurred in an area intermediate between the centre and outside of the pita bread (viewed from above). This coincided with the region with the highest moisture content (30% w.b.) immediately after processing, and which is likely to have heated at the slowest rate. A parallel study using DSC which subjected dough samples to a temperature profile similar to that found in baking also found that relatively low heating rates of 20 °C min−1 produced slightly higher amounts of retrogradation (typically 5–25%) than higher heating rates of 200 °C min−1. In each case moisture contents during storage were comparable between samples, thus suggesting that the local heating rate experienced during baking is a key parameter that can explain differences in subsequent retrogradation in different regions of the pita bread.
Description: This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Journal of Food Engineering and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2016.04.014
Sponsor: Latifah Al-Hajji wishes to thank the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR) for funding her PhD studies.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2016.04.014
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/21631
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2016.04.014
ISSN: 0260-8774
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Chemical Engineering)

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