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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/21728

Title: Quasi-superradiant soliton state of matter in quantum metamaterials
Authors: Asai, Hidehiro
Kawabata, Shiro
Zagoskin, Alexandre M.
Savel'ev, Sergey
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: arXiv
Citation: ASAI, H. ... et al, 2016. Quasi-superradiant soliton state of matter in quantum metamaterials. arXiv: 1605.04929
Abstract: Strong interaction of a system of quantum emitters (e.g., two-level atoms) with electromagnetic field induces specific correlations in the system accompanied by a drastic insrease of emitted radiation (superradiation or superfluorescence). Despite the fact that since its prediction this phenomenon was subject to a vigorous experimental and theoretical research, there remain open question, in particular, concerning the possibility of a first order phase transition to the superradiant state from the vacuum state. In systems of natural and charge-based artificial atome this transition is prohibited by "no-go" theorems. Here we demonstrate numerically a similar transition in a one-dimensional quantum metamaterial - a chain of artificial atoms (qubits) strongly interacting with classical electromagnetic fields in a transmission line. The system switches from vacuum state with zero classical electromagnetic fields and all qubits being in the ground state to the quasi-superradiant (QS) phase with one or several magnetic solitons and finite average occupation of qubit excited states along the transmission line. A quantum metamaterial in the QS phase circumvents the "no-go" restrictions by considerably decreasing its total energy relative to the vacuum state by exciting nonlinear electromagnetic solitons with many nonlinearly coupled electromagnetic modes in the presence of external magnetic field.
Description: This is a pre-print.
Version: Submitted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/21728
Publisher Link: http://arxiv.org/abs/1605.04929v1
Appears in Collections:Pre-Prints (Physics)

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