Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/21835

Title: Design concepts for an integrated whiplash mitigating head restraint and seat
Authors: Acar, Memis
Bewsher, S.R.
Keywords: Whiplash
Head restraint
Occupant seat
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: © Taylor & Francis
Citation: ACAR, M. and BEWSHER, S.R., 2016. Design concepts for an integrated whiplash mitigating head restraint and seat. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 21(1), pp. 79-88.
Abstract: This paper presents design of a concept for an integrated head restraint and car seat system to mitigate whiplash in rear-end vehicle collisions. The main emphasis is on a concept, which combines a reactive head restraint with a reactive seat. The chosen concept is developed in the form of mechanical linkages using linkage analysis software, SAM 6.1. A human model positioned in a ‘good’ driving posture is used to show how the head restraint and seat would operate using a typical crash pulse used for dynamic sled testing of automotive seats. The head restraint system is capable of translating into an optimal position of 40 mm forwards and 60 mm upwards in 12 ms, before whiplash-induced injuries start to take place. The reactive seat is also capable of reclining 15 degrees. The combination of reducing the backset and reclining the seat to reduce the relative motion between the head and torso has the potential to reduce the whiplash-effect-related injuries in rear-end collisions.
Description: This paper is in closed access until 3rd Dec. 2016.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1080/13588265.2015.1116427
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/21835
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13588265.2015.1116427
ISSN: 1358-8265
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
Design concepts for an integrated whiplash mitigating head restraint and seat.pdfAccepted version777.3 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.