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Title: Expertise and attunement to kinematic constraints
Authors: Abernethy, Bruce
Zawi, Khairi
Jackson, Robin C.
Keywords: Expertise
Biomechanics
Badminton
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: SAGE (© the authors)
Citation: ABERNETHY, B., ZAWI, K. and JACKSON, R., 2008. Expertise and attunement to kinematic constraints. Perception, 37 (6), pp.931-948.
Abstract: Three experiments were undertaken to ascertain the extent to which expertise in natu- ral anticipatory tasks is characterised by superior attunement to the biomechanical (kinematic) constraints of the movement pattern being observed. Twelve world-class and twelve non-expert badminton players were required to predict the depth of an opponent's stroke from either video displays or point-light displays of the opposing player's hitting action. The information available within the displays was manipulated through temporal and/or spatial occlusion. Consistent with predictions that can be derived from the constraint-attunement hypothesis (Vicente and Wang, 1998 Psychological Review 105 33 ^ 57), experts showed: (i) an unchanged pattern of information pick-up when the display was reduced from video to point-light and only kinematic informa- tion was available; (ii) superior information pick-up from kinematic features that non-experts could use; and (iii) attunement to early kinematic information from the lower body to which non-experts were not sensitive. Consistent with predictions that can be derived from a common-coding per- spective (Prinz, 1997 European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 9 129 ^ 154), the anticipation of stroke depth was facilitated more for experts than non-experts when the perceptual display provided linked segment information reminiscent of the cross-segmental torque transfers that occur during expert movement production.
Description: Closed access.
Sponsor: This work was partially supported by a grant from the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Project No. HKU7400/05H).
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1068/p5340
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/22014
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/p5340
ISSN: 0301-0066
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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