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|Title: ||Development of a nanodiamond-based lubricant for a versatile use in the beverage industry conveyor systems|
|Authors: ||Torres-Sanchez, Carmen|
Poly alpha olefin oil
Beverage conveyor system
|Issue Date: ||2017|
|Publisher: ||© Emerald|
|Citation: ||TORRES-SANCHEZ, C. and BALODIMOS, N., 2017. Development of a nanodiamond-based lubricant for a versatile use in the beverage industry conveyor systems. Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, 69 (5), pp. 723-729.|
|Abstract: ||Purpose: This paper proposes the formulation of a nanodiamond particle-loaded
food-grade lubricating oil, a nanolubricant, that can be used over a broad range of
loads within the factory (low load applications: conveyor systems; and heavy
machinery within the factory were high loads are applied)
Design/Methodology: Tribological performance of the nanolubricant at both load
levels was studied. A factory-sized conveyor was employed for the low load range
using typical beverage packaging (aluminium cans, glass and PET bottles).
Coefficients of friction and wear scars were measured and the lubricating
performance quantified. A four-ball tester was used to characterise the performance
of the nanolubricant as per ASTM D2783/D4172. A comparison between the
nanolubricant and the baseline oils was established.
Findings: The results show an overall decrease of the coefficients of friction and
wear scars for all packages at low pressures when the nanolubricant is used. It also
shows a better friction-reduction performance in the high loads. The results indicate
that the nanolubricant is versatile at both ranges of loading.
Practical/Environmental implications: The current protocols for lubrication in the food
and drink factories involve the use of water-based detergents for the conveyor lines,
and industry-grade oils for the machinery. The use of a single and versatile lubricant
for both ranges of application loads may carry a positive impact on the sustainability
and environmental performance of the sector.
Originality/value: Beverage processing and packing factories need their mechanised
conveyor systems suitably lubricated to avoid excessive friction between the
containers and the load bearing surface of the conveyors (e.g. belts or chains).
Other areas of the conveying systems, such as motors, gears, rollers and bearings,
are also in need of suitable lubrication to prevent failure and lengthen their working
life. There is a myriad of lubricants and lubricating solutions for each of these areas
independently, but no existing availability of commercial lubricating fluids that could
be used on both successfully.|
|Description: ||This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Industrial Lubrication and Tribology and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/ILT-02-2016-0022.|
|Sponsor: ||Innovate UK (KTP 9434)|
|Version: ||Accepted for publication|
|Publisher Link: ||http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/ILT-02-2016-0022|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)|
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