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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/2237

Title: Monitoring river channel change using terrestial oblique digital imagery and automated digital photogrammetry
Authors: Chandler, Jim H.
Ashmore, P.
Paola, C.
Gooch, M.
Varkaris, F.
Keywords: spatial measurement
digital elevation models
braided rivers
sediment transport
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: © Blackwell
Citation: CHANDLER et al, 2002. Monitoring river channel change using terrestial oblique digital imagery and automated digital photogrammetry. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 92(4), pp.631-644
Abstract: Imagery acquired using a high-resolution digital camera and ground survey has been used to monitor changes in bed topography and plan form, and to obtain synoptic water surface and flow depth information in the braided, gravel bed Sunwapta River in the Canadian Rockies. Digital images were obtained during daily low flows during the summer melt-water season to maximize the exposed bed area and to map the water surface on the days with the highest flows. Images were acquired from a cliff top 125m above and at a distance of 235m from the riverbed and used to generate high resolution orthophotos and digital elevation models (DEMs) at a ground resolution of 0.2m, within an area 80 x 125m. The creation of digital elevation models (DEMs) from oblique and non-metric imagery using automated digital photogrammetry can be difficult, but a solution based on rotation of coordinates is described here. Independent field verification demonstrated that root mean square accuracies of 0.045m in elevation were achieved. The ground survey data representing river bed topography were merged with photogrammetric DEMs of the exposed bars. The high-flow water surface could not be surveyed directly because wading was dangerous but was derived by ground survey of selected accessible points and photogrammetry. The DEMs and depth map provide high-resolution, continuous data on the channel morphology and will be the basis for subsequent 2D flow modeling of velocity and shear stress fields. The experience of using digital photogrammetry for monitoring river channel change allows the authors to identify other potential benefits of using this technique for fluvial research and beyond.
Description: This article was published in the journal, Annals of the Association of American Geographers [© Blackwell] and is also available at: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/anna.
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/2237
ISSN: 0004-5608
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Civil and Building Engineering)

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