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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/22377

Title: Social isolation and loneliness: prospective associations with functional status in older adults
Authors: Shankar, Aparna
McMunn, Anne
Demakakos, Panayotes
Hamer, Mark
Steptoe, Andrew
Keywords: Social isolation
Gait speed
Older adults
English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: © American Psychological Association
Citation: SHANKAR, A. ... et al., 2017. Social isolation and loneliness: prospective associations with functional status in older adults. Health Psychology, 36 (2), pp. 179-187.
Abstract: Objective: The present analysis aimed to examine the associations of isolation and loneliness, individually as well as simultaneously, with two measures of functional status (gait speed and difficulties in activities of daily living) in older adults over a 6-year period using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, and to assess if these associations differ by SES. Methods: Loneliness was measured using the short form of the Revised UCLA scale and an index of social isolation was computed incorporating marital status; frequency of contact with friends, family, and children; and participation in social activities. Measures of functional status were assessed identically at baseline and 6 years later for 3070 participants (mean age 69 years). Wealth was used as an indicator of SES. Results: In fully and mutually adjusted models, social isolation and loneliness were found to be associated with a decrease in gait speed at follow-up, with stronger effects among more disadvantaged individuals. Loneliness was associated with an increase in difficulties with activities of daily living. Conclusions: Isolation and loneliness were adversely associated with different aspects of functional status. Interventions to reduce isolation and loneliness may be particularly beneficial for individuals in disadvantaged groups.
Description: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1037/hea0000437
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/22377
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000437
ISSN: 0278-6133
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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