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Title: Effects of abdominal binding on field-based exercise responses in Paralympic athletes with cervical spinal cord injury
Authors: West, Christopher R.
Campbell, Ian G.
Goosey-Tolfrey, Victoria L.
Mason, Barry S.
Romer, Lee M.
Keywords: Biomechanics
Exercise physiology
Upper body exercise
Wheelchair rugby
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: © Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier.
Citation: WEST, C.R. ... et al, 2014. Effects of abdominal binding on field-based exercise responses in Paralympic athletes with cervical spinal cord injury. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(4), pp. 351-355.
Abstract: Abdominal binding has been shown to improve resting cardiorespiratory function in individuals with cervical SCI, but it is not yet clear whether this approach improves the exercise response. Objectives: To determine the effects of abdominal binding on parameters relating to wheelchair sports performance in highly-trained athletes with cervical SCI. Design: Repeated-measures field-based study. Methods: Ten Paralympic wheelchair rugby players with motor-complete SCI (C5-C7) completed a series of exercise tests in two conditions (bound and unbound). The following parameters were assessed: agility and acceleration/deceleration performance; cardiorespiratory function and gross efficiency during submaximal wheelchair propulsion; anaerobic performance and propulsion kinematics during a 30. s Wingate test; repeated sprint performance during a 10 × 20. m test; and aerobic performance during a repeated 4. min push test. Results: Compared to unbound, 6 of 17 field-based performance measures changed significantly with binding. Time to complete the acceleration/deceleration test decreased (p= 0.005), whereas distances covered during the repeated 4. min push test increased (p < 0.043). Binding elicited significant reductions in minute ventilation during submaximal wheelchair propulsion (p= 0.040) as well as blood lactate accumulation and limb discomfort during the second set of the repeated 4. min push test (p= 0.012 and 0.022). There were no statistically significant effects of binding on any other variable. Conclusions: Abdominal binding improves some important measures of field-based performance in highly-trained athletes with cervical SCI. The changes may be attributable, at least in part, to improvements in trunk stability, ventilatory efficiency and/or haemodynamics.
Description: This paper is closed access. This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.06.001.
Sponsor: UK Sport through the Ideas4Innovation Programme. Great Britain Wheelchair Rugby and ParalympicsGB.
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2013.06.001
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/22481
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.06.001
ISSN: 1440-2440
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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