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Title: Automotive tyre cavity noise modelling and reduction
Authors: O'Boy, D.J.
Walsh, Stephen J.
Keywords: Tyre
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: German Acoustical Society (DEGA)
Citation: O'BOY, D. and WALSH, S.J., 2016. Automotive tyre cavity noise modelling and reduction. IN: Kropp, W., von Estorff, O. and Schulte-Fortkamp, B. (eds.) Proceedings of the 45th International Congress on Noise Control Engineering: Towards a Quieter Future (Internoise 2016), Hamburg, Germany, Aug 21-24th.
Abstract: Noise and vibration in automotive vehicles relates to a feeling of luxury. Noise, Vibration and Harshness engineers spend significant time tuning designs to achieve this. Low noise must be achieved against a requirement to reduce weight, installation time, manufacturing complexity, achieve a carbon reduction and an increase in fuel economy. One particularly annoying noise originates in the pressurised air cavity bounded by the metal wheel and tyre rubber surfaces and is referred to as “tyre cavity noise”. It is a particularly problematic resonance due to the low frequency (approximately 200 - 250Hz) and the low loss factor of air, causing high amplitude sound. Traditionally, this is addressed through the careful choice of suspension natural frequencies to avoid coupling resonances and addition of mass damping layers to the cabin and transmission paths. In this paper, a numerical model of the tyre cavity is shown with passive resonators to reduce the noise. Complications that arise due to wheel loading, speed, temperature changes and manufacturing durability are discussed, with an optimisation routine used to obtain tuned Helmholtz resonators for inclusion in wheel spokes. A stationary experimental rig is introduced as a validation tool, with an array of microphones used to find the actual sound pressures.
Description: This is a conference paper.
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/22561
Publisher Link: http://pub.dega-akustik.de/IN2016/data/index.html
ISBN: 9783939296119
ISSN: 0105-175x
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers and Presentations (Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering)

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