Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/22985

Title: Associations of specific types of sports and exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular-disease mortality: a cohort study of 80,306 British adults
Authors: Oja, Pekka
Kelly, Paul
Pedisic, Zeljko
Titze, Sylvia
Bauman, Adrian
Foster, Charlie E.
Hamer, Mark
Hillsdon, Melvyn
Stamatakis, Emmanuel
Keywords: Sports
Physical activity
Public health
Cohort study
Epidemiology
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group /© The Authors
Citation: OJA, P. ... et al, 2016. Associations of specific types of sports and exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular-disease mortality: a cohort study of 80,306 British adults. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51 (10), pp. 812-817.
Abstract: Background/Aim Evidence for the long-term health effects of specific sport disciplines is scarce. Therefore, we examined the associations of six different types of sport/exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality risk in a large pooled Scottish and English population-based cohort. Methods Cox proportional hazards regression was used to investigate the associations between each exposure and all-cause and CVD mortality with adjustment for potential confounders in 80,306 individuals (54% women; mean±SD age: 52±14 years). Results Significant reductions in all-cause mortality were observed for participation in cycling (HR=0.85, 95% CI: 0.76-0.95), swimming (HR=0.72, 95% CI: 0.65-0.80), racquet sports (HR=0.53, 95% CI: 0.40-0.69) and aerobics (HR=0.73, 95% CI: 0.63-0.85). No significant associations were found for participation in football and running. A significant reduction in CVD mortality was observed for participation in swimming (HR=0.59, 95% CI: 0.46-0.75), racquet sports (HR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.24- 0.83) and aerobics (HR=0.64, 95% CI: 0.45-0.92), but there were no significant associations for cycling, running and football. Variable dose-response patterns between the exposure and the outcomes were found across the sport disciplines. Conclusions These findings demonstrate that participation in specific sports may have significant benefits for public health. Future research should aim to further strengthen the sport-specific epidemiological evidence base and understanding of how to promote greater sports participation.
Description: This article has been accepted for publication in the British Journal of Sports Medicine following peer review. The definitive copyedited, typeset version, OJA, P. ... et al, 2016. Associations of specific types of sports and exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular-disease mortality: a cohort study of 80,306 British adults. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51 (10), pp. 812-817, is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096822
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096822
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/22985
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096822
ISSN: 0306-3674
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
Sportsspecific_mortality HSE [BJSM].pdfAccepted version376.83 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

 

SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.