Since electricity was first harnessed, humanity has developed a lifestyle which can
not exist without it. Traditionally, electricity has been created by burning fossil fuels
which produces waste gases including carbon dioxide. These waste gases have
accumulated in our atmosphere and are theorised to have contributed to a warming
of the earth, causing a 0.4°C rise in average surface temperature since the 1970’s
(DECC 2013). A warming of the earth is thought to lead to increased frequency of
catastrophic weather events such as droughts and heat waves, leading to many
deaths (Met Office 2015).
In recent years, there has been a drive to reduce our dependence on the burning of
fossil fuels by making technologies more efficient, developing methods of electricity
generation which do not involve the burning of fossil fuels as well as replacing
techniques requiring high energy demands with low energy techniques. Natural
ventilation is one such low energy technique which can replace more electricity
intensive strategies such as mechanical ventilation and air conditioning whilst still
ensuring a room which is neither too cold nor too warm and removes pollutants. [...continued]
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.