Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/23307

Title: Comparison of centre of gravity and centre of pressure patterns in the golf swing
Authors: Smith, Aimee C.
Roberts, Jonathan R.
Kong, Pui W.
Forrester, Stephanie E.
Keywords: Biomechanics
Force plate
Principal component analysis
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: © European College of Sport Science
Citation: SMITH, A.C. ... et al., 2017. Comparison of centre of gravity and centre of pressure patterns in the golf swing. European Journal of Sport Science, 17(2), pp.168-178.
Abstract: Analysing the centre of pressure (COP) and centre of gravity (COG) could reveal stabilising strategies used by golfers throughout the golf swing. This study identified and compared golfers’ COP and COG patterns throughout the golf swing in medial–lateral (ML) and anterior–posterior (AP) directions using principal component analysis (PCA) and examined their relationship to clubhead velocity. Three-dimensional marker trajectories were collected using Vicon motion analysis and force plate data from two Kistler force plates for 22 low-handicap golfers during drives. Golfers’ COG and COP were expressed as a percentage distance between their feet. PCA was performed on COG and COP in ML and AP directions. Relationships between principal component (PC) scores were examined using Pearson correlation and regression analysis used to examine the relationship with clubhead velocity. ML COP movements varied in magnitude (PC1), rate of change and timing (PC2 and PC3). The COP and COG PC1 scores were strongly correlated in both directions (ML: r = 0.90, P < .05; AP: r = 0.81, P < .05). Clubhead velocity, explained by three PCs (74%), related to timing and rate of change in COPML near downswing (PC2 and PC3) and timing of COGML late backswing (PC2). The relationship between COPML and COGML PC1 scores identified extremes of COP and COG patterns in golfers and could indicate a golfer’s dynamic balance. Golfers with earlier movement of COP to the front foot (PC2) and rate of change (PC3) patterns in ML COP, prior to the downswing, may be more likely to generate higher clubhead velocity.
Description: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published in European Journal of Sport Science on 13 October 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17461391.2016.1240238.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2016.1240238
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/23307
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2016.1240238
ISSN: 1746-1391
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
Comparison of centre of gravity and centre of pressure patterns in the golf swing (IR).pdfAccepted version613.29 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.