Simulation tools are intensively used in the design stage of diesel engines due to their contributions to significant savings in cost and time for the engine development. Since most of DI diesel engines are turbocharged, it is of vital importance to hold a good understanding of turbine and compressor characteristic to predict the engine performance accurately. However, this data is often not available from turbocharger manufacturers, particularly for turbines. On available turbine maps the operating range of the turbine is constrained due to limitations of conventional turbocharger test benches. Operations with a wider range of turbocharger pressure ratios can be achieved by employing complex turbocharger test benches, which will also lead to higher costs including hardware and labour.
An alternative solution is to develop numerical models for the turbocharger based on thermodynamics. In this thesis numerical models has been developed for predicting the performance of both the centrifugal compressors and turbines and they have been also validated using test cases, particularly for variable geometry turbines.
Following detailed parametric studies, the turbocharger model has been validated against experimental data of a turbocharger with a variable geometry turbine. Results showed that the model was capable of predicting the characteristics maps of the turbocharger accurately, requiring a minimal amount of turbocharger geometric properties, experimental data and calibration parameters. Thus, by combing with the engine performance simulation software there is a highly potential for the numerical model developed in this work to become a useful tool for predicting engine performance and turbo matching calculations or diagnostic applications.
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.