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|Title: ||Determinants of social capital: prioritising issues for holistic urban sustainability assessments|
|Authors: ||Moobela, Cletus|
Price, Andrew D.F.
Taylor, Peter J.
Mathur, Vivek Narain
|Keywords: ||Social capital|
|Issue Date: ||2007|
|Citation: ||MOOBELA, C. ... et al., 2007. Determinants of social capital: prioritising issues for holistic urban sustainability assessments. IN: Proceedings of 2007 1st Sustainable Urban Environment: Metrics, Models and Toolkits (SUE-MoT) conference: International Conference on Whole Life Sustainability and its Assessment, Glasgow, Great Britain, 27-29 June 2007.|
|Abstract: ||The concept of social capital is gaining increasing recognition as a concomitant for
social and economic development. Robert Putnam's (2000) exposition of the crucial
correspondence between the decline of social capital on one hand and the economic
lives of American people on the other received wide acclaim at home and abroad.
Contemporary literature on development studies is equally replete with references to
the World Bank's subscription that social capital has an important role to play
fostering sustainable development. There is a general agreement among proponents
of social capital that well-governed cities which exhibit strong economic growth do so
because of their high stocks of social capital (Portes, 1998). There is also a similar
realisation that the design and form of cities, neighbourhoods and individual buildings
have significant implications on social capital as they can affect the way people
interact and bond with each other and the sense of community among individuals
(Dannenberg et al, 2003; Lindström et al, 2003). The fundamental premise is that
some urban designs encourage social ties and informal contact among residents
while others violate the evolutionary pattern of civicness within the urban existence.
The aim of this paper is to identify and examine the key determinants of social capital
within an urban development context. This should set the platform for a predictive
model of social capital, which will enable the incorporation of the concept in a holistic
urban sustainability assessment framework. The paper argues that social capital is a
subject of self-organisation, whose evolution to higher levels can be catalysed by the
prevalence of a critical balance in the design of the physical urban environment.|
|Sponsor: ||The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the UK’s EPSRC
Sustainable Urban Environment – Metric, Models and Toolkits for Whole-life
Sustainable Developments (SUE-MoT) programme.|
|Publisher Link: ||http://www.sue-mot.org/conference-2007/papers/|
|Appears in Collections:||Conference Papers (Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering)|
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