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Title: A critical literature review of the effectiveness of various instruments in the diagnosis of dementia in adults with intellectual disabilities
Authors: Elliott-King, Jordan
Shaw, Sarah
Bandelow, Stephan
Devshi, Rajal
Kassam, Shelina
Hogervorst, Eef
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of the Alzheimer’s Association.
Citation: ELLIOTT-KING, J. ... et al., 2016. A critical literature review of the effectiveness of various instruments in the diagnosis of dementia in adults with intellectual disabilities. Alzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring, 4, pp. 126 - 148.
Abstract: Currently, there is no consensus on dementia diagnostics in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). There are three types of assessments available: direct cognitive tests, test batteries, and informant reports. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted in four databases yielding 9840 records. Relevant studies were identified and selected using predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria and then coded and classified according to assessment type. This was completed by two independent researchers, with a third consulted when discrepancies arose. The review collates diagnostic instruments and presents strengths and weaknesses. Results Overall 47 studies met the search criteria, and 43 instruments were extracted from the selected studies. Of which, 10 instruments were classified as test batteries, 23 were classified as direct cognitive tests, and the remaining 10 were informant reports. Discussion This review can recommend that cognitive test batteries can offer the most practical and efficient method for dementia diagnosis in individuals with ID.
Description: This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1016/j.dadm.2016.06.002
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/23612
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dadm.2016.06.002
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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