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Title: Sources and pathways of dust during the Australian 'Millennium Drought' decade
Authors: O'Loingsigh, Tadhg
Chubb, Thomas
Baddock, Matthew C.
Kelly, Tyler
Tapper, Nigel J.
De Deckker, Patrick
McTainsh, Grant H.
Keywords: Australia
HYSPLIT
Red Dawn
Dust trajectories
METAR
Mineral aerosols
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: © American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Citation: O'LOINGSIGH, T. ... et al, 2017. Sources and pathways of dust during the Australian 'Millennium Drought' decade. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122 (2), pp.1246-1260.
Abstract: From the late 1990s to mid-2010, Australia was affected by a prolonged period of drought, the “Millennium Drought,” during which numerous severe dust storms crossed the continent. We inspect this period to produce the first continental-scale climatology of air-parcel trajectories that is specific to dust and use it to gain new insights into dust transport dynamics over the eastern half of Australia. The analysis is based upon dust arrival times from airport meteorological observations made at nine mostly coastal cities for 2000–2009. The Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory model was used to calculate 1.26 million backward trajectories from receptor cities, with only those trajectories associated with a dust storm observation considered in the analysis of dust transport. To tie dust trajectories from receptors to likely emission sources, trajectories were linked to six known major dust source regions in and around the Lake Eyre Basin. The Lake Eyre North ephemeral lake system, alluvial-dominated Channel Country, and agricultural Mallee-Riverina regions emerge as important sources for the period, providing variable contributions to different parts of the seaboard as controlled by different front-related wind systems. Our study also provides new detail regarding dust pathways from continental Australia. For the Millennium Drought we identify that the broadly established Southeast Dust Path may be more accurately subdivided into three active pathways, driven by prefrontal northerly winds and a variation in the influence of frontal westerlies. The detail of these pathways has implications for dust delivery from specific Australian sources to different marine environments.
Description: This paper is closed access until 19th July 2017.
Sponsor: Australian Research Council (DP0772180)
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1002/2016JD025737
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/23899
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JD025737
ISSN: 2169-897X
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Geography)

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