GABE, D.R., 2006. Process agitation : from air bubbling to eductor jetting. Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, 84 (2), pp. 67-78
Agitation has always been recognised as a necessary parameter for electrodeposition. However since its inception in 1840 the purpose has changed from avoiding stagnation to increasing production rates and quality properties of the deposit. Consequently the mode of agitation has changed substantially.
The methods and purposes of agitation are discussed and related to the enhanced characteristics achieved and the disadvantages which may arise.